How to change or add a new value to a Laravel request parameter

The solution is in Part B.

Part A: ( Introduction )

Let’s first see how merge() helper function works in Laravel:

The merge method merges the given array or collection with the original array or collection. If a string key in the given items matches a string key in the original collection, the given items's value will overwrite the value in the original collection:

$collection = collect(['product_id' => 1, 'price' => 100]);
$merged = $collection->merge(['price' => 200, 'discount' => false]);

// ['product_id' => 1, 'price' => 200, 'discount' => false]

In general, you can check simply using:

use Illuminate\Support\Collection;

if($variable instanceof Collection) {

Another example:

We know that Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection extends from Illuminate\Support\Collection


$record = User::all();


dump($record instanceof \App\User); // returns false


dump($record instanceof \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Collection); // returns true

This is what we usually do in a controller to validate a request:

$validated = $request->validate([
'title' => 'required|unique:posts|max:255',
'body' => 'required',
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Validator;
$validator = Validator::make($request->all(), [
'title' => 'required|unique:posts|max:255',
'body' => 'required',

How to remove cached config, route, view file in Laravel

To see all your routes compactly, you need to do:

php artisan route:list --compact
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php artisan optimize will do the following tasks:

How to switch from Laravel local env to production

You have one .env file, but the contents can differ on each machine you run the application.

Do not forget to run the command php artisan config:clear after you have made the changes to the .env file. Do this php artisan env, which will return the correct version and assures you about what it is actually set!

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The role of the .env file is to allow you to have different settings depending on which machine you are running your application. So on your production server, the .env file settings would be different from your local development environment.

production and local are just environment names that you can use to turn certain testing features on or off in different places. …

Laravel Artisan Vendor Command

php artisan vendor:publish
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Open a file/project in PhpStorm using the command line

Solution 1:

For opening your current working directory in PhpStorm

You need first open Phpstrom and then go to Tools menu and find the

Create Command-line launcher
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Tools -> Create command line launcher

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Web geek, Self-taught full-stack web developer, Learning Python, Laravel, Vuejs, UX/UI design, Nuclear Physicist PhD

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