# Convert numpy 3d array to 2d array in python

## Or convert 2d array to 1d array

Attention: All the below arrays are numpy arrays.

Imagine we have a 3d array (A) with this shape:

`A.shape = (a,b,c)`

Now we want to convert it to a 2d array (B) with this shape:

`B.shape = (a*b, c)`

The rule is:

`B = A.reshape(-1,c)`

When we use -1 in reshape() method, it means we multiply the first two dimensions.

## Example — 1:

`D = A.reshape(a,-1)`

result is a 2d array with this shape:

`D.shape = (a, b*c)`

## Example — 2:

If we want to have a 2d array (E) with the shape:

`E.shape = (c, a*b)`

From the 3d array (A), where its shape is

`A.shape = (a,b,c)`

We need first to transpose A that gives:

`F = A.transpose(2,0,1)`
• where 2 is the index number of c in shape (a, b, c)
• where 0 is the index number of a in shape (a, b, c)
• where 1 is the index number of b in shape (a, b, c)

Which gives a new 3d array (F) with this shape:

`F.shape = (c, a, b)`

Now we can reshape F to make a 2d array (E) that is:

`E = F.reshape(c,-1)`

in one line command it is:

`E = A.transpose(2,0,1).reshape(c,-1)`

## Example —3:

Now converting a 2d array to a 1d array:

Assume we have a 2d array (G) with the shape:

`G.shape = (a, b)`

We need only this:

`H = G.reshape(-1)`

Now we will have a 1d array (H) with the shape:

`H.shape = (a*b)`

Posting daily about Python, Nuclear Physicist PhD

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Posting daily about Python, Nuclear Physicist PhD